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The purpose of the Practical Life curriculum in Montessori is to improve concentration, co-ordination, control, independence and order which lay the foundation for learning.
As every parent knows young children want to be with adults and to take part in the daily activities of an adult. The Montessori Practical Life materials allow them to do just that and they provide real life experiences for children.
Watch a child who is pouring beans from one jar to another. As they pour, they become transfixed by the look of the beans emptying, as well as the sound of them hitting the glass jar. It is a satisfying, almost calming sound that they strive to repeat over and over again. They focus intently on the task at hand, developing those concentration skills that are necessary to observe the world around them, and to focus on later learning.
A degree of coordination is required to successfully pour those beans without spilling them. Balancing beads on a spoon, sewing a button, picking up rice with chopsticks, all require great dexterity and strong fine motor skills. All activities in the Montessori Practical Life curriculum exercise those finger muscles and develop fine motor skills. Co-ordination is necessary when learning writing and art skills, balancing while walking, and performing everyday tasks like tying shoes.
An element of control is necessary in co-ordination skills. Control also encompasses the ability to manage the amount of force used when tightening a screw, stopping when pouring liquid so as not to spill any liquid, or shutting a door quietly. The child also needs control over their muscles as they walk across a room or around a mat, as they carry items or a tray to and from a shelf, and as they roll up a mat.
Young children's main goal in life is to develop independence. How often does one hear the cry of a young child, "I can do it myself!" The Practical Life curriculum teaches children how to perform everyday living skills that enhance their independence. They learn how to pour and use different utensils, prepare and serve food to themselves and others. Care of self skills, such as the Dressing Frames, allow them to get themselves dressed. Care of the environment skills, such as the various cleaning tasks, allow them to look after their own room and or toys.
Children crave order in their environment and lives. The Practical Life area is set up with a definite order. Activities are placed on the shelf from left to right and top to bottom. This is because one reads from left to right and top to bottom. Activities themselves have a definitive order in which steps are performed. A favourite Montessori saying is “It is the process that is important, not the product". It is more important that the proper steps are followed when washing dishes than the dishes actually getting cleaned, as the process will ensure the desired product.
We use 4 basic and widely- used teaching methods- “look- and- say", “phonic", “phonic- word" and “language-experience approach"
Eye Level MATH is designed to help students improve their mathematical thinking and problem solving skills by enabling them to master concepts each step of the way as they progress through the curriculum. The Eye Level MATH program is well aligned with Korean's NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics) content and process standards, and links to the NCTM standards are highlighted throughout the Eye Level MATH program. NCTM standards reflect the collective view of mathematics teachers and should be carefully considered when designing mathematics curricula and instruction. Adhering to these standards will ensure that students master fundamental concepts in all areas of mathematics at performance levels that are developmentally appropriate.
The goal of Eye Level ENGLISH is to guide students to master English language skills while enhancing the four fundamental skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Various themes and diverse strategies will motivate students, nurture study habits, and develop language capabilities, which are sure to be the basis of lifetime learning.